• Jurnal Nasional Terakreditasi
  • Dang Soni, Riska Prasetiawati, Dian Novita Sari
  • Jurnal Ilmiah Farmako Bahari Vol.10 ; No. 1; Januari 2019 Halaman 76-90 P-ISSN: 2087-0337 E-ISSN: 2715-9949


Abstract Water is a source of basic needs that are important for the lives of humans and other creatures, one of which is used as drinking water. Drinking water is water that goes through a treatment process or without a treatment process that meets health requirements and can be drunk directly. Water that is usually used as drinking water by the community includes groundwater or well water and the Water Supply Company. Water used as a source of drinking water must meet good water quality standards in accordance with the Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia No.492 / Menkes / PER / IV / 2010. Drinking water that is safe for health is one of them if it meets the chemical requirements. Chemical parameters of drinking water one of which can be seen from the Florida ion content. Fluoride ion levels in sea water around 1.2-1.5 mg / L. Generally springs and well water contain higher concentrations of fluoride ions than surface water such as lakes and rivers. Where Fluoride ion levels in well water around 0.4-1.4 mg / L. And the levels of Fuorida ions in fresh water around 0.01-0.3 mg / L. Increased levels of fluoride ions can be caused by human activities such as fluoridation in water, waste disposal and industrial activities. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2010 the Florida ion had a beneficial effect on health by strengthening teeth and bones if the levels were around 0.7 mg / L, while according to the Minister of Health Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No.492 / Menkes / PER / IV / 2010 Florida ions are very dangerous if the levels are more than 1.5 mg / L. Increased levels of fluoride ions exceeding the limits set on water sources used as drinking water by the community can cause health problems including fluorosis of bones and teeth. Keywords: Fluoride ion, drinking water, wells water, Water Supply Company, bone fluorosis, dental fluorosis.

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